If you think that daily walks with a pet are important only for going to the toilet, then you are mistaken.
- a hike for the departure of natural necessities is necessary,
- socialization of the puppy is necessary,
- you need to do the training necessary even for small dogs,
- sunlight promotes the absorption of vitamin D,
- communicating with more experienced dog breeders will help you learn new knowledge.
- Babies are more likely to learn life with adult dogs.
- communication outside the usual environment allows you to get closer to your friend.
Let's try to consider each item in more detail.
Exit to the street so that the puppy defecates.
Interestingly, but you forgive me, crap where you have to? Nature created living beings in such a way that their home should be hidden from those who hunt for you. The most preferred odor for predators is the smell of excrement. Therefore, adults remove the litter of their offspring until the children can independently leave the hole. In the absence of a mother, all the functions of raising a baby fall on the owner.
Important! The puppy does not pee and poop on the floor because he likes to harass you, he just needs to digest the food somewhere.
There are two options, daily walking the puppy or using diapers. You can read about how to use them and when necessary. here.
A canine baby at the age of 2-3 months still cannot control its natural needs. He often sleeps, often eats, so you should not demand special cleanliness from him.
Important! You can’t blame for wrongdoing. Have you never had situations like this? And what did you do?
Create a daily routine for your puppy and for him. Everyone understands that maternity leave is not provided for by law. If possible, take a vacation for the first time the puppy is in your house. If not, be patient. Try to bring the puppy out immediately after coming home. It doesn’t matter if he did his “wet business” or not.
The walking rules in this case are as follows: “the first thing is airplanes,” that is, pee and poop. Do not distract the puppy to play. You will have time for them.
Socialization of the puppy.
Remember Kipling's book about Mowgli. How easily the baby survived in the wild. It is much more difficult for our smaller brothers to adapt to the living conditions of people. In order to avoid problems when walking an adult dog, you need to train it from puppyhood. And there will be many problems. This and other dogs, sometimes aggressive, inappropriate passers-by, curious kids, cars, horses with police officers, trains, tractors and so on ad infinitum. Sometimes you yourself, having lived a fair amount of years, get scared in an unusual situation. What can we say about a two month old puppy who is used to his nest.
Important! It is necessary to introduce the baby to the surrounding objects gradually.
Start from easy to hard. Remember - even a regular package can scare him. Reassure the child, show that it is not scary. Treat yourself to a treat, pet and talk.
If you think that training is important only for large dogs, then you are deeply mistaken. The main problems arise precisely because of an ill-educated “trifle”. For some reason, owners of small dogs neglect the rules of walking. Sometimes not understanding the danger that threatens precisely their favorites. In order to safely walk the dog, you need to know the usual skills: the “To Me”, “Fu”, “Near” teams. For more information, see OKD.
Communication with adult dogs.
Just like young children do not know how to communicate, so a dog baby cannot learn to communicate independently. Most often, an average family can afford to keep only one dog. In addition, puppy owners are very afraid that “bad dogs” will offend their pets. Imagine that you came to a planet with unfamiliar and incomprehensible creatures. Their language is unfamiliar, the behavior is incomprehensible. You will have to live with them, but you meet someone who looks like you and also speaks your language.
Important! Do not restrict contact with other dogs. This will lead to the loss of many rules in communication.
Communication outside the usual environment.
The dog perceives the apartment as an apartment: habitual and calm for living. If the puppy gets into an unusual environment, then he is scared of a flying bag, a new urn, and so on. Your task is to help him get acquainted with these subjects and convince him that they are not dangerous. Household items such as a hairdryer or vacuum cleaner can scare the baby. Try not to get stuck and prepare your puppy gradually.
The first walk of the puppy.
The first exit to the street is like a betrothal: together for life. Further life together will depend on how you will behave on the first walk.
The most common mistake novice dog breeders make is that barking at passers-by is a sign that your puppy is a great guard dog. Not motivated aggression on passers-by, unusual objects, other dogs - a sign of fear and insecurity. In addition, this puppy behavior causes discontent among others.
Important! Barking and the manifestation of aggression on people should be stopped harshly and immediately!
Excessive friendliness and love for everyone around you can become no less unpleasant. A small puppy, raised in love and care, does not see enemies in the people around him. But people sometimes do not want to communicate with the puppy, especially if he expresses his love in slush by jumping.
How can unpleasant consequences be avoided?
- Get a collar and leash. The collar must be soft. Be sure to remove it while the puppy is in the house.
- Walking with a puppy in the city is possible only on a leash. This is not so much the safety of people, but the guarantee of the life of your pet. Accustomize the leash gradually. Usually there are no special problems.
- Carefully monitor the state of the puppy on a walk. Excessive stress can adversely affect the health of your pet.
- During the walk, try to unobtrusively work out some commands, for example, “To Me”, “Nearby”, “Sit”, “Lie”.
- If you and your puppy have a company while walking, often draw attention to yourself. It is better if the puppy runs up to you.
- Be sure to bring a treat with you. It can be cheese, sausage, boiled meat. The main condition is that the pieces should be small. Consider the fact that in the summer in hot weather they can deteriorate and lead to poisoning. Moreover, at this time, the pieces have a habit of sticking together and turning into a slimy, dense and sticky mass. The treat will help cheer up the puppy and develop the necessary training skills.
- If we talk about the heat, then take the trouble to take a bottle of water for a walk. Sun and heat stroke is especially dangerous for youngsters.
- Make sure the ammunition fits the puppy. A too narrow collar or short leash for a long time will discourage the puppy from hunting for walks.
Feeding and walking a puppy.
The departure of the baby's natural needs is directly related to the feeding regimen. Most often, the need arises after sleeping and feeding. It is clear that six-time feeding in 2-3 months, as well as the presence of other matters does not allow such a schedule for walking.
The question arises of what needs to be done earlier - to feed or walk. A moot point. On the one hand, an awakened puppy will definitely make a puddle, on the other hand, a fed up puppy will make a bunch. If possible, it is better to bring the puppy outside before and after feeding.
Important! Walk after feeding should be calm, without jumping and running around. A full stomach can lead to very unpleasant health consequences.
The walking mode of the puppy and adult dog.
In many ways, the walking mode depends on your capabilities. To keep a dog - you need a lot of money. Therefore, quitting work and devoting all the time to dogs will fail. Try to take a vacation for the first time, it will be easier for you and the puppy. You will avoid many problems, and the puppy will quickly get used to the new environment.
Ideally, the walking schedule should be like this.
|Dog age||Number of walks|
|2-3 months||Not less than 5. The more often, the better.|
|4-6 months||3-4 walks a day. Reducing the number of walks, increase their duration and intensity.|
|6-12 months||2-3 walks a day.|
|After a year||It is enough to breed an adult dog 2 times.|
In any case, coordinate this with your family, just do not trust the walking of small children, especially very young puppies and children aged 6-8 months.
Walk without vaccination.
Do it unambiguously not allowed. The most dangerous time is spring and autumn. Even if the puppy does not come into contact with other dogs, the infection can be caught by sniffing the ground, from sticks that were infected by an infected dog, from passers-by having a sick dog, and so on. Strictly observe the period between vaccination and the possibility of walking, it is individual for each vaccine.
Important! The money spent on vaccination is not comparable with the amount that you have to spend on treating your friend!
Raising a puppy
The first four months of life, babies are physically unable to restrain their natural urges. Plus, puppies from the breeder are often taken between the first vaccination and revaccination, which is why toilet training has to be postponed for several weeks. It is worthwhile to immediately tune in that the period of quarantine and some time after the puppy will randomly leave traces of the vital activity of the growing organism. To minimize the effects, you should temporarily remove the carpets. The floor should not be slippery so that the baby is not injured.
Stock up on disposable diapers (sold at pharmacies) or, if ready for permanent washing, old bedspreads. They are laid out in potentially dangerous places to protect the floor from urine.
But diapers should be used sparingly, and start walking the dog immediately after quarantine. While the puppy has not fully mastered the street restroom, the diapers are laid out in places where he often tries to go to the toilet in the apartment. As accustomed to walking, the number of "alternate airfields" in the house decreases. For safety, lay the diaper overnight and clean it during the day.
As soon as the puppy is allowed to walk in the fresh air, you can train to handle the need on the street. The puppy is removed after each meal (five to six times a day), after sleep and overly active games in the house. During quarantine, observe how long after eating the animal goes to the toilet. This will help you choose the best time for walking. If during the warm season it is not difficult to wander the extra 20-30 minutes, then in the winter excessive stay in the cold is undesirable.
Get used to the idea that it’s you who are going to the toilet, and the dog is going for a walk. Until the dog gets used to the sounds and smells of the world and satisfies his canine curiosity, he may not remember physiological needs. Speed up the process will not work. In order not to drag out, do not play with your pet on the street until your physiological needs are met. Gradually, the habit is formed that the most pleasant thing in the walk begins after the "mission". You can not expose the animal to physical activity after eating, and do not forget to praise the dog for successful work.
A number of owners note that it was almost more difficult to train a dog in the street after a diaper than from scratch. Accustomed to a comfortable toilet in the house, the pet simply does not understand what the owner requires. In this case, the used diaper is taken for a walk and laid out away from the path. Walk nearby with the dog until it smells familiar and does what it needs to. It is better to remove the diapers from the house so that the bad habit does not prevail over new skills.
With proper persistence of the owner for five to six months, the puppy can already endure for a long time. At the next stage, it is important to observe the pet shortly before the walk and to identify how it shows the need for walking. Puppies do not know how to ask outside, and many owners miss an uncertain hesitation or shuffling paw, with which the pet hints at an urgent need. Misunderstanding can delay the process of toilet training on the street and deliver unpleasant minutes to both of you.
It is convenient to train a puppy to give a certain signal about the need to go out. Some owners recommend using a bell or a similar simple signaling device for this purpose, which they hang near the front door at an accessible puppy level. Before going out, they give the command “Walk!” And stimulate the dog to touch the bell with its paw or nose. You can point to it or just above to keep a treat. Gradually, the dog gets used to the combination of your team and your action. Other owners teach dogs to leash as a sign that it’s time to go outside. To do this, you will first have to work out the Aport! Command.
Tolerate the last minutes while you are going, the pet can help training. More precisely, the development of static commands: “Sit!” Or “Lie!”. They are not connected with the bladder, but as experienced breeders and dog handlers noticed, during the execution of any command, the dog focuses and puts off needs for later.
In addition to street walks, a dog with a small decorative breed will benefit from the skill of using a tray. Puppies are taught to him from the first days of life in the apartment. You cannot do without safety diapers in different places of the room, but the main location is the tray. The device must be purchased in advance at the pet store. Many experienced owners advise to acquire two or three containers to simplify the process of learning.
The range of trays is wide, varies in size, height of the sides, coating on the bottom. For males there are models with a column. Choose based on your future pet size. The filler is used at will - the dogs do not have an instinctive desire to dig in what has been done, and the grille protects the paws from dirt. At first or on an ongoing basis, a hygienic diaper is placed in the tray. Firstly, animals like soft and warm surfaces, which explains the risks to carpets and sofas. Secondly, the puppy can use the diaper several times, and the smell in the right place can play into your hands.
It is worthwhile to think in advance where to place the dog’s toilet. The place should not be on public display and especially in the aisle, but the puppy should be able to use it around the clock. One of the trays can be immediately put in the right place and strive to make it “priority”. You can first get used to the tray and gradually adjust its location. Make decisions based on your pet’s behavior and first learning success.
To train the puppy to the tray, the animals are observed almost around the clock. When the puppy begins to get nervous, whimpered and look for something, they put him in a tray with the uncomplicated command: “Toilet!”. It is important not to make sudden movements either along the path to the tray, or “in the process”, so as not to frighten the puppy. Fear is not something that a dog should associate with using a tray.
Do not expect that when you feel the bottom grille under your paws, the dog will immediately begin to do what it came for. The pet needs time to tune in. Attempts to get out are stopped gently, but inevitably. After each successful approach, the dog should be encouraged - in a word or treat.
During the day, the baby can go to the toilet several dozen times and it is better to first localize it in certain rooms with spread films. Already in the first days it is possible to identify patterns in puddles and piles, and put trays in the places most liked. Potentially hazardous areas are covered with clean diapers. If embarrassment occurs on the floor, wash the area thoroughly. The smell of the restroom is permissible only in one place - in the tray. The rest of the area should not inspire thoughts of “toilet permissiveness”.
Adult Dog Problems
It’s more difficult to train an adult dog to cope outside the home. The animal has a formed character and habits, and the causes of "incontinence" may be different. For example, an animal accustomed to a tray does not have this skill. With it, technology is not much different from puppy technology. The animal is walked from the first hours after moving, until it goes to the toilet on the street. Success must be noted with praise and goodies. Walking should be frequent and regular, until you understand exactly when to take your pet. Diapers and similar insurance must be categorically discarded. An adult dog is able to endure a sufficient period, and if you show him that in the house under certain conditions you can defecate, he will do it only in comfort.
If you find a dog "on hot" - try to interrupt the process so that he finishes what he started already in the tray or on the street. It is possible and necessary to swear, it is permissible even to lightly tap the withers to emphasize the seriousness of the offense. After the fact, “debriefing” is useless at any age. Neither a puppy nor an adult dog will understand after an hour or two why he is scolded. Punishing is strictly prohibited. Hands of the owner are associated only with affection and goodies.
If your pet often suffers and asks for a toilet, but sometimes makes "oversights", analyze the routine of walking. Терпение собаки нерезиновое, и при слишком большом промежутке между прогулками животное может не сдержаться. В таком случае проблема решается дополнительным выходом на улицу или корректировкой времени прогулок и кормления.
Owners of decorative dogs are faced with the fact that the pet demonstratively leaves puddles and heaps without any reason and a twinge of conscience. This often leads to the erroneous opinion that it is not necessary to raise small dogs. By such vandalism, spoiled pets emphasize their dominant status in the house, and only firm will help restore balance. The pet is made verbal suggestion and localized in a room with a tray. He went right - praised and given a treat, wrong - expressed displeasure, did not pick up, did not give yummy. The main thing is that the owners' heart does not tremble before the dog defecation system works. Animals can use human weakness perfectly.
The worst situation is when the dog has always been distinguished by a love of order, and suddenly began to spoil in the apartment. Often the causes of this behavior are illness or stress. Analyze if something has happened to the pet lately that could cause him mental suffering: moving, changing the composition of the family, or the appearance of another pet. Perhaps you got excited when you were chastising a dog for a prank or someone from the household offended her. If it is a matter of stress, then attention, affection and emphasis on the indispensable status of a family pet will soon correct the situation.
Walking by the rules
The city owner of the dog should clearly understand that regardless of the size of the pet, far from every place you can let the animal cope. Playgrounds, sandboxes, flower beds and public places for picnics should not be littered with excrement. In order to calmly reach the place with a pet suitable for these purposes, it is worth teaching him to cope with his needs on command.
No, the “Write!” Command does not exist, and without the corresponding need you will not achieve anything. The logic of permission operates - it is impossible until the owner has said the coveted word. You need to start developing this habit from childhood. When you take the puppy out onto the lawn or stop at a suitable place for all the "black deeds", say to the puppy: "Toilet!" Or a similar team of your choice.
For a puppy, just peeing on the street is already worthy of praise, but as the animal grows, you need to adjust its behavior and not let it sit in the toilet before you reach a suitable area. Arriving at the selected point, give the command and let the dog finally relax. Games and training begin after the needs are met.
The need to train a dog to a place for a toilet is even higher among residents of private houses than among residents of high-rise buildings. The dog in a spacious enclosure, or even free-range throughout the site, is likely to do its business in a chaotic manner with one rule - not near the bowl. In order to avoid "mining" of the territory, it is better to choose a special place for the toilet for the dog. It can be symbolically fenced, you can take a nook, where for a start all the "surprises" left in the yard are taken down.
Chemistry to the rescue
In pet stores, products are widely represented that help to accustom to a tray or a chosen place on the street. The most popular tools are shown in the table.
Table - Popular drugs for toilet training
|Means||Release form||Description||Price, rubles|
|- Mr. Fresh, |
- "Smart Spray",
- Mr. BRUNO,
- 8in 1 Puppy Trainer
|Sprays, 200-250 ml||- Means based on enzymes, |
- spray mark a diaper, tray or place on the street,
- the label is updated every 2-3 days,
- harmless to humans and animals
|- Beaphar Puppy Trainer, |
- Housebreaking Spray Puppy Trainer
|Drops, 50 ml||- Concentrated product, |
- enough 2-3 drops for a single use
|Zoo Clean (odor absorber)||Powder 400 g||- Loose agent without chlorine, fluorine and phosphates, |
- it is added to a tray with a filler
It is important to quickly and efficiently remove dog oversights. The fecal amber is unlikely to please you, and the pet may perceive the preservation of the toilet odor as an approval of its chosen place. In addition to the usual detergents for floors, furniture and carpets, special preparations sold at pet stores or the following folk remedies will help you get rid of the smell of urine.
- Potassium permanganate. A faint pale pink solution is made. Before use on soft surfaces, check in an inconspicuous place for stains.
- Vinegar or lemon juice. Acid decomposes the organic component. Does not stain, does not damage the paint.
- Iodine. Take ten drops of iodine in 1 liter of water. Effective disinfectant for hard, water-repellent coatings.
- Soda with vinegar or hydrogen peroxide. The mixture removes even dried spots due to a violent chemical reaction, but can leave spots on absorbent surfaces.
- Vodka (alcohol). When evaporating, it removes the smell of urine, but you will have to get rid of the smell of alcohol additionally.
The younger the person brought up, the easier it is to instill in him the necessary habits. But at any age, your patience, ability to control yourself and attention to the pet play a key role.