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How to bring down a child’s temperature: 3 emergency methods to eliminate fever

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  • How to lower a baby’s temperature
  • How to reduce a child’s high fever
  • How to bring down the temperature after vaccination

High temperature is dangerous for a small child. However, not all pediatricians advise to immediately bring her down, because they believe that the body must cope on its own. Of course, if it is not too high and the child feels normal, then it is not recommended to take actions to reduce it. But when it is above 38ºC and the baby has difficulty breathing, you need to act immediately, otherwise the consequences will be extremely dire.

Medicines

To lower the temperature in a child, medications should be used. The most popular is Paracetamol. The main thing here is to correctly calculate the dose so as not to harm the baby. So, this component is contained in such preparations as Panadol, Efferalgan, Tylenol and others. They are the safest antipyretic, and the excess of the daily dose of paracetamol will not occur. If you need to quickly lower the temperature, then the baby should be given syrup. When it is not too high, for a longer effect, it is better to put a candle.

Paracetamol has an analgesic and antipyretic effect, but there is no anti-inflammatory. The effectiveness of this drug is high for viral infections, but with bacterial infections, it is simply useless. In this case, you need to give the baby "Nurofen", it contains a component called ibuprofen. It has, in addition to analgesic and antipyretic, also anti-inflammatory effect. Thanks to this tool, it will be possible to lower the temperature during viral and bacterial infections. If not a single drug helps, then you should give a tool that contains analgin, but this is only in extreme cases, since this component is unsafe for the child's body.

Methods without drugs

To reduce the temperature in the baby, sometimes you do not need to use medication. So, if you make the air in the room cooler, you can solve this problem. But he should not be below + 20ºC, otherwise the child may catch a cold. To lower body temperature, the baby should be given more and more to drink. In this case, not only water is suitable, but also tea with lemon, raspberries, fruit drinks, compote. You should also increase the humidity in the room, then the inflamed mucous membranes will not dry out, and the temperature will gradually decrease. As for the baby’s clothes, it should be light, do not wrap it, it will only aggravate the situation. In addition, the child should lie or sit, as when running, the temperature will rise even more and faster. At this time, he should take something.

How to bring down the temperature of the child?

You can bring down the temperature in a child by the following methods:

  • the use of medicines (candles, syrups),
  • physical cooling methods
  • folk remedies.

Children are at risk if they are newborns or they have:

  • neurological pathology,
  • chronic diseases of the heart, lungs,
  • history of febrile seizures.

Such babies should bring down the temperature from 38 degrees.

White fever

It is dangerous to the life and health of the child.

So, white fever can be suspected if you note in a baby:

  • cold feet, hands, but body hotter,
  • lips and skin of the legs with a shade of blue,
  • pale skin, with a marble pattern,
  • the child is sleepy and lethargic,
  • temperature over 39 degrees.

This condition is not common.

How to bring down the temperature in a baby: symptoms and treatment methods

If the temperature in the infant rises to a high point, the main thing is not to panic. In most cases, this phenomenon indicates an active the fight against viral or an infectious agent. Science has proven that at elevated body temperature, the immune system begins to work intensely, and basic biochemical reactions are significantly accelerated. As a result, this leads to increased production of antibodies in the blood that fight the disease. It is necessary to use antipyretic drugs in cases where the temperature is extremely high and reaches a mark of 39-41 degrees. They can also improve the condition of the crumbs with an unfavorable diagnosis of heart disease.

In any case, intense fever is the most key signal of a disease, so it is strictly forbidden to ignore it. The faster you go to the clinic for the help of an experienced specialist, the more effective the treatment will be. You can’t start an independent struggle, because it can cause various unpleasant consequences. Currently, pharmacies offer a wide variety of medicines, drops and syrups, so it is not very easy for inexperienced parents to choose what really works. For this reason, it is better to trust a pediatrician who will first establish the source of the disease, and then select the appropriate treatment.

How to reduce the heat?

Relief for white fever consists of the following steps:

  • warm your legs - put on warm socks,
  • drink plenty of water
  • with white hyperthermia, a sharp spasm of the vessels occurs, therefore it is necessary to give a vasodilator (Papaverine or Drotaverinum) and an antipyretic agent (we will discuss them below),
  • if convulsions occur, an urgent call is required.

How to correctly measure the temperature in newborns

To effectively measure the temperature of the baby, it is necessary to put the thermometer in the armpit, in the mouth, in the inguinal zone or in the area of ​​the elbow folds. There are several features that you should pay attention to when carrying out such a procedure. The first thing you need to understand is that in different areas of the body temperature indicators may vary greatly apart from each other.

So, for example, in the axillary zone, optimal values ​​are 37.4 degrees, and in the rectum and ears they reach 38 degrees in normal condition. You can start measuring in cases where the child is calm, not naughty and does not suckle. If his behavior is represented by excessive activity, the mark may be overestimated.

Normal temperature is determined by the age of the child. For example, a one-year-old baby can live and develop peacefully with a thermometer from 36 to 37.4 degrees. Already at the age of 10-12 months, the interval varies from 36 to 37 degrees. If the street temperature is kept at a high mark, and the baby is too warmly dressed, screaming and crying, the mercury in the thermometer can reach 37.8 degrees. But this is not a reason to panic. Try to ventilate the nursery, dress the child in clean clothes and calm. After this, it is necessary to conduct another examination. As a rule, after half an hour, the indicators stabilize.

If there are no signs of a serious illness, provide the baby with comfortable conditions and the situation should return to its former place. In the absence of any positive reaction, you will have to show the baby to the pediatrician, who is called to the house. When raising the thermometer to 39 degrees, you should call an ambulance. The doctor who arrived at the place must establish an initial diagnosis and give a referral to an area pediatrician. The main thing is not to ignore the need for consultation with an experienced specialist and make all necessary efforts to resolve the situation in the best possible way.

Why does the temperature rise in an infant

There are many factors and causes that affect the change in temperature indicators in the baby. For example, if the problem is represented by a temperature of 38 in the baby, this can be explained by the following features:

  • The child was exposed to sunlight for a long time and overheated. Also, this can happen in the winter, when he is too warmly dressed,
  • The problem of high body temperature is often associated with reaction to a recent vaccination. Do not panic if the child becomes hot after receiving the vaccine. Most likely, this is a protective reaction of an organism that is actively fighting infection,
  • Teething is perhaps one of the most common causes of high fever in infants,
  • Infection. In this case, its symptoms may become apparent after a while,

Given the nature of the disease and its cause, you must choose a number of integrated activities to eliminate. All loving parents should know how to bring down the temperature in the baby. If knowledge is not available, you should immediately show the child to a specialist.

Rules for taking antipyretic

  1. Not more than 4 times a day. There is a risk of overdose and the risk of missing an infection.
  2. No more than 5 days.

Paracetamol does not affect the gastric mucosa and respiratory center, does not upset the acid-base balance.

Its action occurs in 30-60 minutes, lasts up to four hours.

Paracetamol preparations

  • Kalpol. Suspension for oral administration. In its composition has 120 mg of paracetamol. Recommended age - from 3 months. The average retail price is 93 rubles,
  • Panadol for children. Not only reduces the temperature, but also relieves headache, toothache. It has a weak anti-inflammatory effect,
  • Cefecon D. Candles are used for children from 3 months. Good enough effect. True, it doesn’t come right away - after 40 minutes,
  • Efferalgan - Paracetamol-based suppositories for children older than 3 months. One suppository contains 80 mg of paracetamol.

Ibuprofen preparations

  • Nurofen in suppositories or suspensions. Valid up to eight hours,
  • Ibufen D. Suspension containing 5 milliliters, 100 milligrams of ibuprofen. Has a convenient dosing syringe,
  • Ibuprofen in the candlelight. Has a dosage of 60 mg. It is used in children from 3 months.

How to bring down the temperature in a child at home?

  1. Apple vinegar used to wipe armpits, inguinal folds, cervical region. It is not recommended to wipe the area of ​​the heart and head. It is necessary to dilute with water at the rate of 1: 1. Moisten a terry towel and wipe.
  2. Cranberry Tea It has long been used by grandmothers. Natural antipyretic, like raspberries. But it is worth using it more carefully if the child has an allergy.
  3. Camomile tea. To prepare the infusion, a tablespoon of chamomile should be poured with a glass of boiling water, allowed to stand for 2 hours. Water the child up to five times a day.
  4. Elderberry broth also effectively helps reduce temperature. You should take 150 grams of elderberry and pour them with boiling water.
  5. Cabbage leaves. It is necessary to take a cabbage leaf, slightly beat off so that the cabbage starts up the juice. Apply to the body, excluding the area of ​​the heart. Cabbage juice contains natural antipyretic components.
  6. Linden Tea - also an indispensable assistant in the fight against heat.

Physical cooling methods

They are aimed at the processes of thermoregulation of the body. Used to improve heat transfer and, as a result, reduce temperature.

  • rubdown. Take a terry towel, moisten it with warm water and wipe the baby's body.
  • wrapping in a wet sheet or towels. The skin should be dry, the temperature in the room is about 25 degrees. The procedure should not cause discomfort in the child,
  • Applying a heating pad with ice to the projection of large vessels.
  • airing the room. Fresh cool air will help up to 25 degrees,
  • humidification of air. You can purchase a special humidifier or put containers with cool water.

What, and how to drink with fever?

When a child receives an adequate amount of water during illness, then, firstly, it reduces intoxication syndrome, eliminating metabolic products of bacteria and viruses. Secondly, it promotes heat transfer due to the fact that the baby begins to sweat and urinate more intensively.

It is necessary to drink boiled water without gas at room temperature every 15 to 20 minutes for 2 to 3 teaspoons or in sips. Also compotes from dried fruits or cherries are not forbidden, just not too sweet.

Signs of dehydration:

  1. Dry lips.
  2. Decrease in turgor (elasticity) of the skin.
  3. The child is lethargic, sleepy.
  4. The urine is concentrated, has a bright yellow-brown color.

If you notice these symptoms in your baby, then inpatient treatment is necessary.

In general, I want to say that high fever is just a symptom of a disease. If febrile temperature persists for more than 3 days, it is best to consult a doctor.

Fever - is it always bad?

Fever (fever) is not an independent disease, although this symptom can accompany many diseases. All fevers can be conditionally divided into:

  • infectious (the cause of the increase in body temperature are various pathogenic viruses, bacteria),
  • non-infectious (functional), the cause of which can be a variety of factors affecting the operation of the thermoregulation center. An increase in temperature can occur with various endocrine diseases as a result of the action of certain hormones, with dehydration, neurosis, increased physical and emotional activity, etc.

The thermoregulation center is part of the central nervous system, located in the part of the brain - the hypothalamus, and regulates the processes of heat generation and heat transfer, responsible for maintaining a constant normal body temperature.

In infectious fevers, an increase in body temperature plays a protective role. It is in such conditions that the growth and reproduction of bacteria decreases; for many viruses, the only fatal factor is high temperature. With a fever of up to 39 ° C, the human body actively produces immune defense proteins - immunoglobulins, and metabolic processes are activated. However, when a certain threshold is exceeded (for each person it is individual, but on average it is about 39-39.5 ° C), the protective function of the temperature reaction weakens. In such conditions, the supply of tissues with oxygen decreases, the basic processes of metabolism and vital functions of many body cells, primarily the central nervous and cardiovascular systems, suffer. Therefore, to a certain level, fever in itself is a protective factor, and only when this threshold is reached and exceeded is it necessary to use antipyretic methods that are part of symptomatic (i.e., eliminating painful symptoms) therapy.

In cases of non-infectious fevers, elevated body temperature is only the response of the thermoregulation center to the effects of various factors (hormones, biologically active substances) and, as a rule, is not protective or compensatory in nature. Such fevers are usually not amenable to treatment with antipyretic drugs, therefore, therapy is aimed at eliminating a provoking factor (eliminating hormonal imbalance, sedatives, etc.).

What temperature is considered normal?

In a newly born baby, although most of the body systems are formed, they are functionally immature. This is true for the central nervous system, and for its part - the center of thermoregulation. Therefore, the processes of heat generation and its generation are also imperfect. Newborns, especially premature ones, are extremely sensitive to environmental conditions - they easily overheat and easily freeze.

Normal body temperature in newborns ranges from 37.0 + 0.5 ° C and depends on the place and time of measurement. The highest temperature values ​​are recorded from 18 to 22 pm, and the lowest body temperature is characteristic of the early morning hours. Temperature can be measured in the rectum (rectal temperature), in the armpit (axillary), in the mouth (oral), in the inguinal fold. The highest temperature is determined in the rectum, on average it does not exceed 37.6 ° C, although sometimes it can normally reach 38.0 ° C. This is approximately 1 ° C more than the axillary (axillary) temperature and 0.3-0.4 ° C higher than the temperature in the oral cavity. However, for each baby there is an individual temperature norm, which may differ from the general average. To determine the individual norm of your baby, you should measure his temperature when he is healthy, calm (in the absence of signs of malaise, illness) 3 times a day (morning, afternoon and evening). Babies up to 5-6 months are recommended to measure rectal temperature.

First aid for a newborn at high temperature

Fever in a baby is a common cause of parental anxiety. Is fever really so dangerous and what should be done at home if the baby is “on fire”?

Fever - is it always bad?

Fever (fever) is not an independent disease, although this symptom can accompany many diseases. All fevers can be conditionally divided into:

  • infectious (the cause of the increase in body temperature are various pathogenic viruses, bacteria),
  • non-infectious (functional), the cause of which can be a variety of factors affecting the operation of the thermoregulation center. An increase in temperature can occur with various endocrine diseases as a result of the action of certain hormones, with dehydration, neurosis, increased physical and emotional activity, etc.

The thermoregulation center is part of the central nervous system, located in the part of the brain - the hypothalamus, and regulates the processes of heat generation and heat transfer, responsible for maintaining a constant normal body temperature.

In infectious fevers, an increase in body temperature plays a protective role. It is in such conditions that the growth and reproduction of bacteria decreases; for many viruses, the only fatal factor is high temperature. With a fever of up to 39 ° C, the human body actively produces immune defense proteins - immunoglobulins, and metabolic processes are activated. However, when a certain threshold is exceeded (for each person it is individual, but on average it is about 39-39.5 ° C), the protective function of the temperature reaction weakens. In such conditions, the supply of tissues with oxygen decreases, the basic processes of metabolism and vital functions of many body cells, primarily the central nervous and cardiovascular systems, suffer. Therefore, to a certain level, fever in itself is a protective factor, and only when this threshold is reached and exceeded is it necessary to use antipyretic methods that are part of symptomatic (i.e., eliminating painful symptoms) therapy.

In cases of non-infectious fevers, elevated body temperature is only the response of the thermoregulation center to the effects of various factors (hormones, biologically active substances) and, as a rule, is not protective or compensatory in nature. Such fevers are usually not amenable to treatment with antipyretic drugs, therefore, therapy is aimed at eliminating a provoking factor (eliminating hormonal imbalance, sedatives, etc.).

What temperature is considered normal?

In a newly born baby, although most of the body systems are formed, they are functionally immature. This is true for the central nervous system, and for its part - the center of thermoregulation. Therefore, the processes of heat generation and its generation are also imperfect. Newborns, especially premature ones, are extremely sensitive to environmental conditions - they easily overheat and easily freeze.

Normal body temperature in newborns ranges from 37.0 + 0.5 ° C and depends on the place and time of measurement. The highest temperature values ​​are recorded from 18 to 22 pm, and the lowest body temperature is characteristic of the early morning hours. Temperature can be measured in the rectum (rectal temperature), in the armpit (axillary), in the mouth (oral), in the inguinal fold. The highest temperature is determined in the rectum, on average it does not exceed 37.6 ° C, although sometimes it can normally reach 38.0 ° C. This is approximately 1 ° C more than the axillary (axillary) temperature and 0.3-0.4 ° C higher than the temperature in the oral cavity. However, for each baby there is an individual temperature norm, which may differ from the general average. To determine the individual norm of your baby, you should measure his temperature when he is healthy, calm (in the absence of signs of malaise, illness) 3 times a day (morning, afternoon and evening). Babies up to 5-6 months are recommended to measure rectal temperature.

First aid for a newborn at high temperature

The main rule: you must call a doctor for all newborns with fever! An increase in temperature of any level in a child’s age of less than three months is considered dangerous.

Thermometers

The most accurate instrument for determining temperature is a mercury thermometer. To measure rectal temperature, thermometers with a thick rounded mercury-containing flask are used. Modern electronic thermometers are faster and safer, but they can distort temperature readings by several tenths of a degree. When using ear thermometers, it is necessary to correctly position the sensor in the auricle, otherwise incorrect data may be obtained. Plate liquid crystal thermometers provide only approximate information about body temperature. Oral thermometers (for measuring the temperature in the oral cavity) can be used only from the age of 4-5 years of the child, and the problem of "cracking the device" remains relevant.

General events

All processes in newborns are developing rapidly, deterioration can occur very quickly. Therefore, for any alarming symptom (and an increase in temperature, of course, is one), you should immediately contact and consult a treating pediatrician or call an ambulance.

It is imperative to call an ambulance if the measured temperature in the armpit is 39.0-39.5 ° С, and the rectal temperature exceeds 40.0 ° С. I must say that even with the diagnosis, a very high temperature is still dangerous because of the likelihood of the development of the so-called hyperthermic syndrome. At the same time, a rapid and inadequate increase in body temperature is observed, accompanied by impaired supply of organs and tissues with blood due to circulatory disorders in small vessels, up to impaired function of vital organs (brain, heart). One of the most striking manifestations of this syndrome is convulsions. Therefore, a significant increase in temperature in the baby requires special attention.

In order to facilitate the well-being of the child, before the arrival and consultation of a doctor, parents can independently perform a number of activities.

The first thing to do is to create a comfortable environment for the baby. The room must be ventilated. The air temperature in the room should be about 20 ° C (19-21 ° C). Due to the imperfection of the thermoregulation processes in a newborn, elevated temperature and humidity in the room can lead to overheating of the child. You can use a fan or air conditioning, avoiding the direct direction of the air stream to the crumbs.

A kid with a fever should not be wrapped up. On the contrary, the child needs to be opened, put on him a light cotton blouse or jumpsuit. It is important to remember that a disposable diaper can cover up to 30% of the surface of the child’s body, interfering with normal sweating, heat transfer. Therefore, especially if it is not possible to lower the temperature in the room, it is better to remove the diaper from the newborn.

How to measure temperature correctly

It should be remembered that the temperature should be measured when the baby is calm, since crying, an excited state, overheating, physical activity contribute to an increase in body temperature. When measuring the temperature in the natural folds of the body (inguinal, armpit), they need to be thoroughly wiped, since moisture underestimates the thermometer. After crying, emotional or physical arousal of the child, you must wait at least 30 minutes. And measure the temperature in a calm state.

To determine the rectal temperature in a newborn, you should put the baby on the back (you can sit on your lap), raise and remove the legs, as if washing, grease the skin of the anus with baby cream (you can also grease with a thin layer of cream and the thermometer flask, however, remember that a thick layer of grease can distort the performance of the device). After preliminary shaking off the mercury column below 36 ° C, you need to enter the thermometer into the anus to a depth of about 2 cm. Then, the baby's legs should be brought down and held in this position for at least 3 minutes.

If it is not possible to measure the rectal temperature, the baby cries, calm him down, and after some time measure the temperature in the armpit. In this case, the child may be in your arms. The measured temperature and the measurement time must be recorded in order to be shown to the attending pediatrician: a temperature chart (temperature curve) can help with the diagnosis.

With increased fluid loss, which is often observed with fever, and can also be aggravated by the presence of vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration quickly develops in newborns. Dehydration in and of itself can increase the baby’s body temperature. Drinking is the main method of dealing with dehydration. Breast-fed infants should be applied to the breast more often (there is a lot of water in human milk). In case of failure of the baby from milk, as well as babies who are breast-fed, should be offered fennel tea, boiled water. The liquid should be given in small quantities (for the first month baby - one teaspoon every 20-30 minutes), since a large volume of liquid drunk at the same time can independently provoke vomiting as a result of overstretching of the walls of the stomach. With severe dehydration, the doctor may prescribe special saline solutions for newborns. In severe cases, hospitalization may be required.

Physical methods of temperature reduction

As a first aid to children with fever, various physical methods of lowering the temperature are widely used. The basis of these methods is the increase in heat transfer.

The most common way to reduce the temperature of a drug is to wipe it off. The newborn is stripped and wiped his body with napkins dipped in water with a temperature of 36-37 ° C. Wiping with water at a lower temperature can cause tremors, which, in turn, only contributes to an additional increase in body temperature.

The baby is laid out on a diaper with an oilcloth underneath it. Water of the required temperature is located nearby. After wetting the napkin, squeeze it out, and then gently rub the child’s body from the periphery (starting from the handles, legs) to the center with careful non-rubbing movements. Light friction promotes reflex expansion of blood vessels, which improves heat transfer, and the evaporation of water enhances this process. Water should be periodically diluted with warmer, not allowing it to cool significantly and maintaining the water temperature close to normal body temperature.

Wiping with a solution of alcohol, vinegar or vodka is currently not recommended, since inhaling the vapors of these substances can be unsafe for the child, and intensive evaporation can provoke muscle tremors and increase the temperature.

You can put a cool compress on your crumbs - a napkin dipped in room temperature water. It is necessary to periodically wet the napkin with water so that the compress does not turn into a warming one.

At present, wrappers with a wet sheet are practically not used, since this makes sweating difficult - a natural way of heat transfer. Body temperature will decrease faster with open skin. Rarely used are enemas with cool water.

In cases of very high temperature (above 39.5 ° C), pieces of ice wrapped in tissue are placed on the area of ​​large vessels (in the groin, in the armpits, popliteal and elbow bends, on the temporal and carotid arteries) in order to increase and accelerate heat transfer. There are special freezing gels, bags or warmers with which you can also use in such situations.

How to bring down the temperature in an infant during overheating

As mentioned above, overheating is one of the most common causes of high fever in an infant. A similar phenomenon manifests itself in children of different ages, moreover, both in hot weather and in cold, provided that the baby is too warmly dressed. Many parents over-heat at home, and this is also undesirable. The first signs of exposure to overheating are manifested in a capricious and restless behavior.

If the baby is dissatisfied with something and is naughty, provide him with more comfortable conditions. Sometimes the thermometers reach 37.9 degrees, but this does not mean that you need to panic. Do the following and the problem may be fixed in the near future.

  • It is necessary to stabilize the room temperature to the level of 22 degrees Celsius by airing the rooms,
  • If overheating has caused a high temperature while walking on the street, it is better to take the child to the house and change clothes or hold them without clothes,
  • You can bring down a high temperature mark by another method: The child needs to be given to drink a lot relatively warm drinking water,

If the problem is associated with overheating, then with the right actions, it will cease to manifest itself after half an hour or an hour. In the absence of the desired result, most likely you will have to call a doctor or take the child to the hospital. A temperature of 38 in a baby can be a sign of a cold or an infectious disease.

If teeth are cut

To bring down the temperature during the period when the child's teeth are being cut is extremely problematic. But such a reason is considered the most common and most visits to the pediatrician end up with the fact that he determines the diagnosis - teething. If so, then you will notice a number of the following symptoms:

  • when cutting teeth, the temperature will not rise above the level of the thermometer at 38 degrees,
  • baby will take in the mouth, any objects that can be found will begin to scratch the gums and slurp loudly,
  • another symptom is represented by swelling of the gums, and in the upper part, tooth endings may be noticeable,
  • the temperature should stabilize in a few days. As a rule, 3 days is enough, after which the mark drops to the optimum,

Many parents mistakenly think that intense salivation and loss of appetite indicate tooth cutting. However, everything looks completely different. The active development of the salivary glands begins at the age of three months of life, and the teeth are cut only at the age of six months. The causes of poor appetite are different. Perhaps this is overheating or exposure to an infectious disease, etc.

If the weather is too hot outside, the doctor’s advice may be to keep the baby in the house for some time with a comfortable microclimate and don’t bathe him whole. It is also important to give the baby a lot of water or the antipyretic Nurofen (ibuprofen and paracetamol), which also reduces pain when cutting teeth. With it, itching and pain in the gums will decrease. Also, to solve the problem, you can use children's gels and ointments. Currently, such products are on the market in a wide variety.

If you resort to the above recommendations, do not forget that the presence of intense heat most likely indicates the presence of an infectious disease, for example, SARS, influenza, intestinal infection and others. To avoid negative consequences, you should seek the help of an experienced specialist in a clinic. Sometimes an infectious effect is also noticed during the period of dentition, so everything is ambiguous.

Drug treatment

The main rule is that medications can be given to a newborn only on the recommendation of a treating pediatrician. In no case should you focus on your personal, previous experience or the extensive experience of grandmothers, neighbors and acquaintances. Each situation should be assessed by a pediatrician and, taking into account all the indications and contraindications, prescribe the appropriate treatment in the required dosage.

In cases of non-infectious fever, these may include recommendations on the regimen, care of the newborn, correction of feedings, drinking regimen, etc. Sometimes additional diagnostics may be required to establish the cause of the fever in the newborn.

In case of infectious fevers, the doctor will prescribe a treatment aimed at suppressing the pathogenic agent - viruses or bacteria. In viral diseases, this may be the appointment Interferon or product enhancers Interferon in the body, with diseases caused by bacteria, antibiotics are prescribed. The question of the need to use antipyretic drugs (antipyretics) in a baby younger than 1 month old (newborn) is decided by the attending physician.

Currently, in pediatric practice the most commonly used antipyretic drugs, the active substance in which is either Paracetamoleither Ibuprofen. These are the safest (especially ibuprofen), effective and well-studied antipyretics that are approved for use in children from 6 months. For children under this age, the question of application Paracetamol or Ibuprofen decided by the attending physician depending on the specific situation. The drugs are used in the form of suspensions, syrups or rectal suppositories.

Particular attention should be paid to a single and daily dosage of the drug (it is calculated on the real weight of the baby). Exceeding the dose of the drug can cause various, sometimes very serious, side effects and toxic reactions. So, for example, an overdose Paracetamol causes toxic damage to the liver and kidneys.

Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin), however, research data have revealed a relationship between administration Aspirin with viral diseases in children and the development of Reye's syndrome - severe damage to the brain and liver. Therefore at present Aspirin not recommended for children under 15 years of age.

Analgin (metamizole) is still produced by Russian pharmaceutical companies, although in many countries the use of this drug is prohibited or severely limited. This is due to severe adverse reactions caused by Analgin: serious disorders of blood formation, anaphylactic shock (allergic shock reaction), immune damage to the liver, lungs, kidneys.Since 1992, the Pharmacological Committee of the Russian Federation decided to limit the use of metamizole for children and adolescents under 18 years of age. However, it should be noted that emergency and emergency doctors, if necessary, successfully use this drug for infants.

Amidopyrine and Phenacetin since the 60s of the XX century they have been removed from the list of antipyretic drugs due to severe toxic reactions and inhibition of hematopoiesis against the background of their use. However, the production of these drugs in our country has not yet been discontinued.

The effect of antipyretic drugs can be evaluated after 30-40 minutes. after taking them. On average, they lower the temperature by 0.5-1.5 ° C, but the effect largely depends on the individual sensitivity to the drug.

Once again, it should be recalled that fever is only a symptom that indicates a change in the functioning of the body's thermoregulation mechanisms. Therefore, therapy should primarily be aimed at eliminating the causes of fever. Antipyretic drugs are an auxiliary, symptomatic treatment that improves the well-being of the patient.

Vaccine response

The temperature of 38 in infants often appears after the introduction of the vaccine. At the age of three months, babies are vaccinated against whooping cough, tetanus and diphtheria, or from the last two diseases. If the temperature rises sharply the day after the vaccination, do not despair. Most likely, it will normalize the very next day.

At the age of one year, the baby can be vaccinated against mumps and measles. The body reaction can manifest itself only on the 5-6th day after vaccination, and on the 8-10th day they can cause intense fever. But you should not sound the alarm or call an ambulance. If other symptoms are absent, the baby is healthy and nothing bad happens. It’s just that the body produces a defensive reaction to strengthen the immune system. Some vaccines should not cause fever. For example, if we talk about vaccination against polio or tuberculosis (BCG).

Throat infections

If a child develops any abnormal redness, sores or pimples in his throat, he may have caught a throat infection. In this case, the body can react with a strong increase in temperature. Other symptoms of this disease are absent. It is necessary to invite a doctor to an examination of the throat, as it’s impossible to determine the problem yourself.

  • In frequent cases, acute pharyngitis occurs. Any of the aforementioned signs in the form of sores, pimples, or reddening of the throat indicate acute pharyngitis,
  • Fever is seen with herpangin. With it, bubbles appear on the tonsils, arches of the throat or back of the larynx,
  • Children at the age of three often have a sore throat. It is distinguished by a characteristic white coating on the tonsils and the presence of heat. One-year-olds and younger children are not affected by this disease, because they are protected by maternal immunity,

How to bring down temperature without medication

It is possible to bring down the temperature in an infant without the use of medications, but the main thing is to do it correctly. If the baby's age reaches 13 weeks and he suffers from heat, and the thermometer does not rise above 38 degrees, you can use old methods from traditional medicine. More adult children can get rid of heat and at temperatures above 39 degrees. It is enough to consider a few tips and features.

Important don't cover baby a warm blanket. Instead, it needs to be cooled using gauze wipes soaked in warm water, which are placed on the baby's forehead. Others lie on bare arms and legs. Warm water will begin to evaporate over time, and body temperature will decrease. From time to time, you can wipe the entire body with napkins to prevent the temperature from rising. The pediatrician Komarovsky recommends using exclusively warm water, and not vinegar or vodka, as many do, because water has a harmless composition and does not lead to intoxication,

You can bring down the temperature in an infant in a variety of ways. The main thing is that they are correct and not cause complications.

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